William II | Biography & Facts | Britannica

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16 Jun 2020 ... William IV, king of Great Britain and Ireland and king of Hanover from June 26, 1830. Personally opposed to parliamentary reform, ...

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5 days ago ... William II, son of William I the Conqueror and king of England from 1087 to 1100; he was also de facto duke of Normandy (as William III) from ...

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William III, conservative king of the Netherlands and grand duke of ... William III, Dutch in full Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk, (born February 19, 1817, ...

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William Hogarth, (born November 10, 1697, London, England—died October 26, 1764, London), the first great English-born artist to attract admiration abroad, ...

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William I, byname William the Conqueror or William the Bastard or William of Normandy, French Guillaume le Conquérant or Guillaume le Bâtard or Guillaume ...

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25 Jul 2020 ... On July 26, 1833, the Slavery Abolition Act was passed by the ... of the rights of man, and Quaker and other evangelical religious groups ...

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As perhaps the pivotal European figure of the late 17th century, William of Orange remains most noted for having fought France, the dominant power in Europe, to ...

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William Cowper facts: The most characteristic work of the English poet William Cowper (1731-1800) is gentle and pious in mood and deals with retired rural life.

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The Dutch statesman William the Silent (1533-1584), or William I, Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau, led the revolt of the Low Countries against Spain and ...

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6 Jul 2020 ... El Cid, English The Cid, also called El Campeador (“the Champion”), byname of Rodrigo, or Ruy, Díaz de Vivar, (born c. 1043, Vivar, near ...

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5 Jun 2020 ... The policies of William the Conqueror, king of England from 1066 until his death in 1087, may be largely responsible for eventually making ...

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The exact birth date of William Schouten is unknown, but the year was probably ... 1967), and John C. Beaglehole, The Exploration of the Pacific (1934; 3d ed.

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Fra Angelico, Italian painter, one of the greatest 15th-century artists, whose early Renaissance works embody a serene religious attitude and reflect a strong ...

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22 Jun 2020 ... George IV, king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and king of Hanover from January 29, 1820, previously the ... London, England—died June 26, 1830, Windsor, Berkshire), king of the United Kingdom of Great ...

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Mary, byname Mary, Queen of Scots, original name Mary Stuart or Mary Stewart, (born December 8, 1542, Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, Scotland—died ...

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Caligula, byname of Gaius Caesar, in full Gaius Caesar Germanicus, (born ... and of his two elder brothers, Julius Caesar Nero in 31 and Drusus Caesar in 23, ...

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Democritus, ancient Greek philosopher, a central figure in the development of philosophical atomism and of the atomic theory of the universe. His works ...

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Herod, byname Herod the Great, Latin Herodes Magnus, (born 73 bce—died March/April, 4 bce, Jericho, Judaea), Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), ...

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Molière, original name Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, (baptized January 15, 1622, Paris, France—died February 17, 1673, Paris), French actor and playwright, the ...

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Humayun, second Mughal ruler of India. The son and successor of Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, Humayun ruled from 1530 to 1540 and again from ...

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19 Jun 2020 ... To strengthen her position, Joséphine encouraged a marriage between Hortense and Louis Bonaparte, Napoleon's brother (1802). The marriage, ...

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Ai Weiwei, Chinese artist and activist whose work included sculptural installations, architectural projects, photographs, and videos. While Ai's art was lauded ...

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Paul, emperor of Russia from 1796 to 1801. He was the son of Peter III (reigned 1762) and Catherine the Great (reigned 1762–96). A tyrannical and capricious ...

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Michel Ney, one of the best known of Napoleon's marshals (from 1804). He pledged his allegiance to the restored Bourbon monarchy when Napoleon abdicated ...

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2 Jul 2020 ... Edward VI, (born October 12, 1537, London, England—died July 6, 1553, London), king of England and Ireland from 1547 to 1553. Edward VI.

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Abdulaziz, Ottoman sultan (1861–76) who enacted Westernizing reforms until 1871, after which his reign took an absolutist turn.

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8 Jul 2020 ... Erasmus, in full Desiderius Erasmus, (born October 27, 1469 [1466?], Rotterdam, Holland [now in the Netherlands]—died July 12, 1536, Basel, ...

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Jeremiah, Hebrew prophet, reformer, and author of a biblical book that bears his name. He was closely involved in the political and religious events of a crucial ...

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Theodosius I, Roman emperor of the East (379–392) and then sole emperor of both East and West (392–395), who, in vigorous suppression of paganism and ...

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Dick Bruna, in full Hendrikus Magdalenus Bruna, (born August 23, 1927, Utrecht, Netherlands—died February 16, 2017, Utrecht), Dutch illustrator and writer who ...

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Novels and nonfiction works. In 1997 Roy published her debut novel, The God of Small Things to wide acclaim. The semiautobiographical work departed from the ...

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Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Somali-born Dutch American activist, writer, and politician best known for her contention that Islam is fundamentally incompatible with Western ...

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Henry IV, king of England from 1399 to 1413, the first of three 15th-century monarchs from the house of Lancaster. He gained the crown by usurpation and ...

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Ptolemy, Latin in full Claudius Ptolemaeus, (born c. 100 ce—died c. 170 ce), an Egyptian astronomer, mathematician, and geographer of Greek descent who ...

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Darius I, king of Persia in 522–486 BC, one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, who was noted for his administrative genius and for his building ...

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Andrew Mellon, in full Andrew William Mellon, (born March 24, 1855, Pittsburgh, ... …private collections were assembled by Andrew W. Mellon, Henry E.

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Antigonus I Monophthalmus, Macedonian general under Alexander the Great and founder of the Antigonid ... Antigonus Monophthalmos (“The One-eyed”; c.

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Salomon van Ruysdael, original name Salomon de Goyer, (born c. 1600, Naarden, United Provinces [Netherlands]—buried November 1, 1670, Haarlem), Dutch ...

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Honoré Daumier, prolific French caricaturist, painter, and sculptor renowned for his cartoons satirizing 19th-century French politics and society.

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Charles II, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1660–85), who was restored to the ... He tried to fight his father's battles in the west of England in 1645; he resisted ...

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Francisco Goya, in full Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes, (born March 30, 1746, Fuendetodos, Spain—died ... Self-portrait by Francisco de Goya, etching, c.

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Shivaji, Indian king (reigned 1674–80), founder of the Maratha kingdom of India. ... Above all, in a place and age stained by religious savagery, he was one of ...

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Diego Velazquez, the most important Spanish painter of the 17th century, ... Diego Velázquez: Las meninasLas meninas (with a self-portrait of the artist at the left ...

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Georgius Agricola, German scholar and scientist known as 'the father of mineralogy.' He authored De re metallica, which dealt with mining and smelting, and De ...

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Édouard Manet, (born January 23, 1832, Paris, France—died April 30, 1883, Paris), French painter who broke new ground by defying traditional techniques of ...

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16 Jul 2020 ... Richard Owen, British anatomist and paleontologist who is remembered for his contributions to the study of fossil animals, especially dinosaurs.

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2 Jul 2020 ... Henry II, king of England (1154–89) who greatly expanded his Anglo-French domains and strengthened the royal administration in England.

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J.M.W. Turner, English Romantic landscape painter whose expressionistic studies of light, color, and atmosphere were unmatched in their range and sublimity.

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Alexander I, emperor of Russia (1801–25), who alternately fought and befriended Napoleon I during the Napoleonic Wars but who ultimately helped form the ...

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Alexander VI, corrupt, wordly, and ambitious pope (1492–1503), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the ...

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Ovid, Roman poet noted especially for his Ars amatoria and Metamorphoses. His verse had ... Author of The Classical Text; Lucretius; and others. See Article ...

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Miniature painting, also called (16th–17th century) limning, small, finely wrought portrait executed on vellum, prepared card, copper, or ivory. The name is derived ...

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25 Jul 2020 ... Urban II, head of the Roman Catholic Church (1088–99) who developed ecclesiastical reforms begun by Pope Gregory VII, launched the ...

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George III, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1760–1820) during a period when ... The government of England at the time lacked effective executive machinery, ...

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Edward IV, king of England from 1461 until October 1470 and again from April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was a leading participant in the ...

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Napoleon I, French general, first consul (1799–1804), and emperor (1804–1814/15), one of the most celebrated personages in the history of the West.

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Jacob van Ruisdael, in full Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael, Ruisdael also spelled Ruysdael, (born 1628/29, Haarlem, Netherlands—died March 10, 1682, ...

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13 Jul 2020 ... Alexandra. empress consort of Russia. WRITTEN BY. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee ...

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Tiberius, second Roman emperor (14–37 CE), the adopted son of Augustus, whose imperial institutions and imperial boundaries he sought to preserve. In his ...

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Charles I, (born November 19, 1600, Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Scotland—died January 30, 1649, London, England), king of Great Britain and Ireland (1625–49), ...