William Hogarth | Biography, Art, & Facts | Britannica

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William Hogarth, (born November 10, 1697, London, England—died October 26, 1764, London), the first great English-born artist to attract admiration abroad, ...

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William III, conservative king of the Netherlands and grand duke of ... William III, Dutch in full Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk, (born February 19, 1817, ...

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16 Jun 2020 ... William IV, king of Great Britain and Ireland and king of Hanover from June 26, 1830. Personally opposed to parliamentary reform, ...

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5 days ago ... William II, son of William I the Conqueror and king of England from 1087 to 1100; he was also de facto duke of Normandy (as William III) from ...

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William I, byname William the Conqueror or William the Bastard or William of Normandy, French Guillaume le Conquérant or Guillaume le Bâtard or Guillaume ...

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25 Jul 2020 ... On July 26, 1833, the Slavery Abolition Act was passed by the ... of the rights of man, and Quaker and other evangelical religious groups ...

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As perhaps the pivotal European figure of the late 17th century, William of Orange remains most noted for having fought France, the dominant power in Europe, to ...

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The Dutch statesman William the Silent (1533-1584), or William I, Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau, led the revolt of the Low Countries against Spain and ...

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William Cowper facts: The most characteristic work of the English poet William Cowper (1731-1800) is gentle and pious in mood and deals with retired rural life.

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6 Jul 2020 ... El Cid, English The Cid, also called El Campeador (“the Champion”), byname of Rodrigo, or Ruy, Díaz de Vivar, (born c. 1043, Vivar, near ...

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5 Jun 2020 ... The policies of William the Conqueror, king of England from 1066 until his death in 1087, may be largely responsible for eventually making ...

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The exact birth date of William Schouten is unknown, but the year was probably ... 1967), and John C. Beaglehole, The Exploration of the Pacific (1934; 3d ed.

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8 Jul 2020 ... Erasmus, in full Desiderius Erasmus, (born October 27, 1469 [1466?], Rotterdam, Holland [now in the Netherlands]—died July 12, 1536, Basel, ...

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Jeremiah, Hebrew prophet, reformer, and author of a biblical book that bears his name. He was closely involved in the political and religious events of a crucial ...

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Mary, byname Mary, Queen of Scots, original name Mary Stuart or Mary Stewart, (born December 8, 1542, Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, Scotland—died ...

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Ai Weiwei, Chinese artist and activist whose work included sculptural installations, architectural projects, photographs, and videos. While Ai's art was lauded ...

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Abdulaziz, Ottoman sultan (1861–76) who enacted Westernizing reforms until 1871, after which his reign took an absolutist turn.

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Humayun, second Mughal ruler of India. The son and successor of Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, Humayun ruled from 1530 to 1540 and again from ...

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Michel Ney, one of the best known of Napoleon's marshals (from 1804). He pledged his allegiance to the restored Bourbon monarchy when Napoleon abdicated ...

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Herod, byname Herod the Great, Latin Herodes Magnus, (born 73 bce—died March/April, 4 bce, Jericho, Judaea), Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), ...

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Molière, original name Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, (baptized January 15, 1622, Paris, France—died February 17, 1673, Paris), French actor and playwright, the ...

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Caligula, byname of Gaius Caesar, in full Gaius Caesar Germanicus, (born ... and of his two elder brothers, Julius Caesar Nero in 31 and Drusus Caesar in 23, ...

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Paul, emperor of Russia from 1796 to 1801. He was the son of Peter III (reigned 1762) and Catherine the Great (reigned 1762–96). A tyrannical and capricious ...

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Democritus, ancient Greek philosopher, a central figure in the development of philosophical atomism and of the atomic theory of the universe. His works ...

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Fra Angelico, Italian painter, one of the greatest 15th-century artists, whose early Renaissance works embody a serene religious attitude and reflect a strong ...

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Honoré Daumier, prolific French caricaturist, painter, and sculptor renowned for his cartoons satirizing 19th-century French politics and society.

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Novels and nonfiction works. In 1997 Roy published her debut novel, The God of Small Things to wide acclaim. The semiautobiographical work departed from the ...

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Charles II, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1660–85), who was restored to the ... He tried to fight his father's battles in the west of England in 1645; he resisted ...

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Cyrus the Great. king of Persia. WRITTEN BY. Richard N. Frye. Aga Khan Professor Emeritus of Iranian, Harvard University. Director, Asia Institute, Pahlavi ...

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1 Jul 2020 ... To make his paintings, Close superimposed a grid on the photograph and then transferred a proportional grid to his gigantic canvases. He then ...

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Edward IV, king of England from 1461 until October 1470 and again from April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was a leading participant in the ...

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Henry IV, king of England from 1399 to 1413, the first of three 15th-century monarchs from the house of Lancaster. He gained the crown by usurpation and ...

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14 Jun 2020 ... Dennis Rader, the BTK Killer, American serial killer who murdered 10 people over the span of three decades.

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Karel Appel, Dutch painter of turbulent, colorful, and semiabstract compositions, who was a founder (1948) of the COBRA group of northern European ...

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Miniature painting, also called (16th–17th century) limning, small, finely wrought portrait executed on vellum, prepared card, copper, or ivory. The name is derived ...

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Alexander I, emperor of Russia (1801–25), who alternately fought and befriended Napoleon I during the Napoleonic Wars but who ultimately helped form the ...

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Ptolemy, Latin in full Claudius Ptolemaeus, (born c. 100 ce—died c. 170 ce), an Egyptian astronomer, mathematician, and geographer of Greek descent who ...

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22 Jul 2020 ... Ed Gein, American serial killer whose gruesome crimes gained worldwide notoriety and inspired popular books and films, notably three of the ...

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6 days ago ... Philippe II, duc d'Orleans, regent of France for the young king Louis XV from 1715 to 1723. ... Philippe II, duc d'Orléans. French duke and regent.

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Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi politician, police administrator, and military commander who became the second most powerful man in the Third Reich. He was ...

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Julia Gillard, Australian politician who served as leader of the Australian Labor Party (2010–13) and as prime minister of Australia (2010–13). She was the first ...

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2 Jul 2020 ... Henry II, king of England (1154–89) who greatly expanded his Anglo-French domains and strengthened the royal administration in England.

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Joachim Patinir, in full Joachim de Patinir, Patinir also spelled Patinier or Patenier, (born c. 1485, Bouvignes or Dinan, Namur, Belgium—died October 5, 1524, ...

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George III, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1760–1820) during a period when ... The government of England at the time lacked effective executive machinery, ...

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Isabella I, queen of Castile (1474–1504) and of Aragon (1479–1504), ruling the two kingdoms jointly from 1479 with her husband, Ferdinand II of Aragon.

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J.M.W. Turner, English Romantic landscape painter whose expressionistic studies of light, color, and atmosphere were unmatched in their range and sublimity.

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Alexander VI, corrupt, wordly, and ambitious pope (1492–1503), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the ...

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Ovid, Roman poet noted especially for his Ars amatoria and Metamorphoses. His verse had ... Author of The Classical Text; Lucretius; and others. See Article ...

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Galileo, in full Galileo Galilei, (born February 15, 1564, Pisa [Italy]—died January 8, 1642, Arcetri, near Florence), Italian natural philosopher, astronomer, and ...

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Herodotus, Greek author of the first great narrative history produced in the ancient world, the History of the Greco-Persian Wars. He remains the leading source ...

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Where was Aurangzeb buried? Aurangzeb's tomb is located in Khuldabad, India. When Shah Jahān fell seriously ill ...

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26 Jun 2020 ... Edward II, king of England from 1307 to 1327. Although he was a man of limited capability, he waged a long, hopeless campaign to assert his ...

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Hippocrates, ancient Greek physician who lived during Greece's Classical period and is traditionally regarded as the father of medicine. He has been revered for ...

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Alternative Titles: William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne of Kilmore, Lord Melbourne, Baron of Kilmore, Baron Melbourne of Melbourne. Lord Melbourne, in full ...

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Frederick II, king of Prussia (1740-86) who greatly enlarged Prussia's territories ... Frederick II, byname Frederick the Great, German Friedrich der Grosse, (born ...

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Theodosius I, Roman emperor of the East (379–392) and then sole emperor of both East and West (392–395), who, in vigorous suppression of paganism and ...