Albrecht Dürer (article) | Khan Academy

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Dürer's famed Melencolia I engraving of 1514 has been called the artist's psychological self-portrait, and indeed the image does convey the terrible struggle of ...

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Dürer excelled at a variety of drawing, painting and printing techniques. His Europe-wide fame rested on his graphic art. The Renaissance scholar and writer, ...

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The engraving of Adam and Eve of 1504 by the German renaissance artist Albrecht Dürer recasts this familiar story with nuances of meaning and artistic ...

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The horsemen · The First Seal—Rider on White Horse · The Second Seal—War · The Third Seal—Famine · The Fourth Seal—Death

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Orientalism constructs cultural, spatial, and visual mythologies and stereotypes that are often connected to the geopolitical ideologies of governments and ...

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The industrial revolution which began in England in the late 18th century and rapidly swept across Europe (hit the U.S. immediately following the Civil War) ...

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This statue depicts the bodhisattva Maitreya. Bodhisattvas are enlightened beings who postpone their own salvation in order to help all sentient beings.

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Trade with Europeans led to far-reaching consequences among Native American ... the Americas, tying together a network of people, raw materials, finished goods, merchants, ... obtaining guns and other valuable commodities from the English, French, or Dutch. ... How did trade with Native Americans affect Europeans?

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The statue was inspired by similar statues of the Buddha in China and was commissioned ... Japan's principal temple Todai-ji sided with the eventually victorious ...

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The name Avalokiteshvara means “Lord who looks down with compassion. ... (Amitabha presides over the western Pure Land, a kind of Buddhist paradise.

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Votive stupas are often carved from stone or caste in bronze. The bronze stupas can also serve as a reliquary and ashes of important teachers can be encased ...

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Michelangelo's Last Judgment is among the most powerful renditions of this moment in the history of Christian art. Over 300 muscular figures, in an infinite variety ...

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The main image in this painting is Avalokiteshvara (1), the Bodhisattva of Compassion. He is the principle patron deity of Tibet. He sits on a lotus throne upon a ...

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Joseph Mallord William Turner was an English painter, watercolourist and printmaker who lived and worked in the late 1700s and early 1800s. You might know ...

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The abolition movement sought to end the practice of slavery in the United States.

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James McNeill Whistler's Caprice in Purple and Gold is an early example of Japonisme, a term coined by the French art critic Philippe Burty in 1872. It refers to ...

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The Han Dynasty is one of the great dynasties in Chinese history, encompassing nearly four hundred years of expansion and consolidation which coincided with ...

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The Roman Empire began in 27 BCE when Augustus became the sole ruler of Rome. ... form of government, where he was the sole ruler and made all important ... and entertainment to the Roman people, these changes can be viewed as the ... So was Augustus just like a wealthy person which was very included in the ...

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This community of Western Europe, bound together by religion, is generally known as Latin Christendom. In the eastern half of what had been the Roman Empire, ...

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Early in the 19th century the British also invented steam locomotives and steamships, which revolutionized travel. In 1851 they held the first world's fair, at which ...

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The Kaaba was a sanctuary in pre-Islamic times. Muslims believe that Abraham—known as Ibrahim in the Islamic tradition—and his son, Ismail, constructed the ...

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“The Revolution of 1800”. In 1800, each state was allowed to choose its own voting day; thus, voting in the presidential election lasted from April through October ...

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The ideas of the Enlightenment, which emphasized science and reason over faith and superstition, strongly influenced the American colonies in the eighteenth ...

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The image of the Virgin and Christ Child was ubiquitous in medieval art. ... Enthroned Virgin and Child, 1150-1200, Auvergne, France, walnut with gesso, paint, ...

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Baroque art also tends to be very real—not only do the figures look "regular," but the artist is giving us a very real sense of this moment. The body of Christ looks ...

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The version of the card players at Metropolitan Museum of Art (image at the top of the page) is now generally thought to be the earliest of the five paintings in the ...

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An Astronomer in Ancient Times. Claudius Ptolemy (about 85–165 CE) lived in Alexandria, Egypt, a city established by Alexander the Great some 400 years before ...

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The first known appearance of organized Christianity in Japan was the arrival of the Portuguese Catholics in 1549. Francis Xavier arrived in Japan with three ...

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Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, Girl at a Window, 1645, oil on canvas, 81.8 x 66.2 cm (Dulwich Picture Galley, ... Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Pitcher.

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A few examples of major trading cities are Hangzhou, Timbuktu, and Malacca. All are strategically located along major waterways and some were also located ...

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Rococo was applied to art and to interior decoration and structure whereas Baroque was applied to art, interiors and exteriors, where it was ornate and extravagant ...

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The burgomasters of Amsterdam had already planned to erect a new town hall that would be the “eighth wonder of the world” and appropriately represent the city's ...

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In Michelangelo's dynamic figure of Moses we have a clear sense of the prophet and his duty to fulfill God's wishes. Moses is not a passive figure from the distant ...

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This is not to say that all of Roman art is derivative, though, and one of the ... The major periods in Imperial Roman art are named after individual rulers or major ... idealized nude bodies, highly naturalistic forms and balanced proportions that the ... Décor at his rambling Villa at Tivoli included mosaic copies of famous Greek ...

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Spinola, the Spanish troops, and by extension Philip IV, are presented as powerful and honorable. Thus the painting operates at multiple levels: it is a rhetorical ...

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The Gothic grew out of the Romanesque architectural style, when both ... This ribbed vaulting is another distinguishing feature of Gothic architecture. ... look like the inside of the bottom of a boat, referring to how the church is where the spiritual ...

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One of the most beautiful and elegant of these ceilings is Guido Reni's Aurora, painted in 1614 for the Roman Cardinal Scipione Borghese for the ceiling of his ...

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Reduced barriers to trade and communication across international boundaries have changed politics, culture, and economics across the globe.

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Slavery formed a cornerstone of the British Empire in the 18th century. Every colony had enslaved people, from the southern rice plantations in Charles Town, ...

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The art form has its origins in comic dances performed in the early 1600s by groups of women on a bank of Kyoto's Kamo River. Kabuki grew into a colorful ...

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The seventeenth-century Dutch artist Rembrandt van Rijn certainly did. In his 1636 etching, Self-Portrait with Saskia, both he and his wife are shown wearing ...

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Islamic art is a modern concept created by art historians in the 19th century to facilitate categorization and study of the material first produced under the Islamic ...

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Vishnu can be identified by the attributes he holds in his four hands. His two raised arms hold a mace or club and a discus. His lower hands hold a conch shell and ...

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Alberti, Palazzo Rucellai · Humanist architecture for a private home · Three tiers · The loggia · The influence of ancient Rome.

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Face (detail), Hyacinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701, oil on canvas, 9'2” x 6'3” (Musée du Louvre, Paris). Rigaud's monumental portrait displays a life-size, full-body ...

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Beautifully preserved life-size painted limestone funerary sculptures of Prince ... There were festivals in honor of the dead, where the family would come and eat ...

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The painter Hubert van Eyck, than whom none was greater, began this work. Jan [his brother], second in art, completed it at the request of Joos [Jodocus] Vijd on ...

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In Rachel Ruysch's day it was a simple tulip. Looking at her floral still life paintings can reveal an entire hidden world—of wealth, status, even the economics of ...

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Models, 1994, 100 drawings, watercolor and ink-wash on paper, each 24 7/16 x 19 ... The work of South African artist Marlene Dumas exists on a continuum ...

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The Basilica of San Clemente, located in the heart of medieval Rome, is an example of this faithful copying. It was rebuilt in the early twelfth century on the site of ...

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The Impressionists wanted to create an art that was modern by capturing the rapid pace of contemporary life and the fleeting conditions of light. They painted ...

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Cong. They used two distinct types of ritual jade objects: a disc, later known as a bi, and a tube ...

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Subject. The subject of the Last Supper is Christ's final meal with his apostles before Judas identifies Christ to the authorities who arrest ...

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Today, approximately 20,000 people per day visit the Meenakshi Temple's almost 700,000 square feet of space, including the two principal sanctuaries and ...

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Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures still standing from the time Muslims ruled Al-Andalus (Muslim ...

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Taken in 1839 by Louis-Jacques Mande Daguerre, the photograph depicts a seemingly empty street in Paris. The elevated viewpoint emphasizes the wide ...

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Portrait of a Couple as Isaac and Rebecca, commonly known as The Jewish Bride, is a painter's painting. According to his letters, Vincent van Gogh was ...

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Technically the matchlock is a kind of musket, fired by mechanically touching a lighted fuse to a charge of shot and gunpowder. The matchlock's effective range ...

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In the context of European history, the period from c. 1585 to c. 1700/1730 is often called the Baroque era. The word baroque derives from the Portuguese and ...